The role of ultraviolet rays in the disinfection of water works
The advantages of chlorine + UV combined disinfection process are as follows
According to the Hygienic Standard for Drinking Water (GB5749-2006), the residual chlorine concentration at the end of water supply network is 0.05mg/l. Ultraviolet has the characteristics of broad spectrum, high efficiency and no secondary pollution, and has good killing effect on cryptosporidium and giardia. However, it has no lasting bactericidal ability, so the combination of UV disinfection technology and chlorine can further ensure the safety of water.
The advantages of combining chlorine with ultraviolet are as follows
When the chlorine content is high, operators can operate the ultraviolet disinfection equipment to kill bacteria and escherichia coli and reduce the residual chlorine content.
When the chlorine content is stable and reasonable, operators can adjust the power output of ultraviolet based on the residual chlorine and flow signals, or even shut down the equipment, so as to ensure the residual chlorine in the pipe network;
When the chlorine content is insufficient, operators can start the ultraviolet disinfection equipment to ensure the safety of drinking water.
Specific requirements for ultraviolet disinfection of tap water
1. If ultraviolet disinfection is the main disinfection method for drinking water, when the ultraviolet disinfection equipment operates at the peak flow rate and the operation life of the ultraviolet lamp reaches the end point, the effective dose of ultraviolet light should not be less than 40 MJ / cm2 considering the effect of the scaling of the ultraviolet lamp sleeve.
2. The ultraviolet disinfection equipment shall be attached with an inspection report issued by a qualified third party, which includes the effective dose of ultraviolet measured by similar equipment in similar water conditions. It should be emphasized that the UV dose should not be less than 40 MJ / cm2
3. In 2007, the National Standardization Management Committee and the Ministry of Health jointly issued the mandatory national standard for drinking water, namely, the Hygienic Standard for Drinking Water (GB5749-2006). This is the first revision of the standard since it was first published in 1985. Specifically, the number of detection items increases from 35 to 106, and giardia, cryptosporidium and other microorganisms are added as items to be tested.
4. The research proves that the inactivation rate of cryptosporidium could reach 4lg when low-pressure ultraviolet lamp with radiation dose of 22mj / cm2 is used. The ultraviolet disinfection is an economic and effective means for new microorganisms, while conventional chlorine disinfection technology cannot effectively inactivate these pathogens.